Soil Erosion Network: Monitoring Metadata
Various Sites in England and Wales, UK, 1982-87, Arable Landscape, Various Soils, Water Erosion

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1 Contact person
1.1 Name Dr Robert Evans
1.2 Address Division of Geography, Anglia Polytechnic University, East Road, Cambridge CB1 1PT, UK
1.3 Tel +44 1223 632271
1.4 Fax +44 1223 352973
1.5 Email
1.6 Other researchers involved: Ex and present day employees of the Soil Survey of England and Wales. (Now Soil Survey and Land Research Centre)
2 Survey Details
2.1 Dates of erosion monitoring survey: Full scheme 1982-1986. Part scheme 1987
2.1 Water/wind erosion? Water
2.3 Area monitored: 700 km2 in 17 localities. (16 in England, 1 in Wales)
2.4 Character of area: Great variety - sampled major arable landscapes (soils, relief, land use etc.) of England and Wales
2.5 Frequency of monitoring: Twice - date air photos taken (in Spring or early Summer). Date field checking (late Summer, Autumn)
2.6 What fraction of fields in the monitored area were included in the survey? All
2.7 How were estimates of erosion made? Volumetrically - by estimating/measuring depth, width and length rills and gullies, depth and area deposits
2.8 Were air photographs used? Yes
2.9 For each erosion site, information recorded: Crop type direction of working from maps - areas affected by erosion. (+field work) - area catchment(s) within field Area field
- Soil type
- Steepest slope angle
- Relief and Morphology


2.10 Data obtained from elsewhere: See 2.9
2.11 Data calculated from above information: Soil type and erosion; crop type and erosion; relief and erosion; slope angle and erosion. Combinations of these (for 1982-1984 data); sediment delivery ratio
2.12 Meterological station density and type: Daily rainfall, 1-3 (occurs locally more). Stations per monitored locality
2.13 Length of record of meterological data: 1982-1986
3. Associated Work
3.1 Associated experimental or plot-based work: None
3.2 Associated modelling work: None yet - not had time to assemble all data and put together in a model
4. Documentation
4.1 Published reports of the monitoring survey and/or results:
Evans, R. and Skinner, R.J. (1987). A survey of water erosion. Soil and Water 13, 28-31.

Evans, R. (1988). Water erosion in England and Wales 19882-1984. Report for Soil Survey and Land Research Centre, Silsoe.

Evans, R., Bullock, P. and Davies, D.B. (1988). Monitoring erosion in England and Wales. In: Morgan, R.P.C. and Rickson, R.J. (eds.) Agriculture. Erosion Assessment and Modelling. Proceedings of a workshop held in Brussels, Belgium 2-3 December 1986, sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate-General for Agriculture, Coordination of Agricultural Research. EUR 10860 EN, 73-91.

Evans, R. (1990). Water erosion in British farmers fields - some causes, impacts, predictions. Progress in Physical Geography 14, 199-219.

Evans, R. (1993). Rill erosion in contrasting landscapes. Soil Use and Management 8, 170-175.

Evans, R. (1993). Extent, frequency and rates of rilling of arable land in localities in England and Wales. In: Wicherek, S. (ed.) Farm Land Erosion: In Temperate Plains Environment and Hills. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers, 177-190.

4.2 Other relevant publications:
Evans, R. (1971). The need for soil conservation. Area 3, 20-23.

Evans, R. and Morgan, R.P.C. (1974). Water erosion of arable land. Area 6, 221-225.

Evans, R. (1977). Overgrazing and soil erosion on hill pastures with particular reference to the Peak District. Journal of the British Grassland Society 32, 65-76.

Evans, R. and Nortcliff, S. (1978). Soil erosion in north Norfolk. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 90, 185-192.

Evans, R. (1980). Characteristics of water-eroded fields in lowland England. In: De Boodt, M. and Gabriels, D. (eds.) Assessment of Erosion. Wiley, Chichester, 77-87.

Evans, R. (1980). Mechanics of water erosion and their spatial and temporal controls: an empirical viewpoint. In: Kirkby, M.J. and Morgan, R.P.C. (eds.) Soil Erosion. Wiley, Chichester, 109-128.

Evans, R. (1981). Assessments of soil erosion and peat wastage for parts of East Anglia, England. A field visit. in: Morgan, R.P.C. (ed.) Soil Conservation: Problems and Prospects. Wiley, Chichester, 521-530.

Evans, R. (1984). Soil Erosion by Water. Leaflet 890, ADAS, MAFF, Alnwick.

Evans, R. and Cook, S. (1986). Soil erosion in Britain. SEESOIL 3, 28-59.

Evans, R. (1990). Erosion studies in the Dark Peak. Proceedings North of England Soils Discussion Group 24, 39-61.

Evans, R. (1990). Soils at risk of accelerated erosion in England and Wales. Soil Use and Management 6, 125-131.

Boardman, J., Evans, R., Favis-Mortlock, D.T. and Harris, T.M. (1990). Climate change and soil erosion on agricultural land in England and Wales. Land Degradation & Rehabilitation 2, 95-106.

Walling, D.E. and Quine, T.A. (1990). Use of caesium-137 to investigate patterns and rates of soil erosion on arable fields. In: Boardman, J., Foster, I.D.L. and Dearing, J.A. (eds.) Soil Erosion on Agricultural Land. Wiley, Chichester, 33-53.

Favis-Mortlock, D.T., Evans, R., Boardman, J. and Harris, T.M> (1991). Climate change, winter wheat yield and soil erosion on the English South Downs. Agricultural Systems 37, 415-433.

Walling, D.E. and Quine, T.A. (1991). The use of caesium-137 measurements to investigate soil erosion on arable fields in the UK: potential applications and limitations. Journal of Soil Science 42, 147-165.

Watson, A. and Evans, R. (1991). A comparison of estimates of soil erosion made in the field and from photographs. Soil & Tillage Research 19, 17-27.

Evans, R. (1992). Erosion of rough grazings in Britain. In: Boardman, J. (ed.) Post-Congress Tour Guide, First International ESSC Congress. European Society for Soil Conservation, 18-22.

Evans, R. (1992). Erosion at Dalicott Farm, Shropshire - extent, frequency and rates. In: Boardman, J. (ed.) Post Congress Tour Guide, First International ESSC Conference. European Society for Soil Conservation, 52-55.

Evans, R. (1992). Assessing soil erosion in England and Wales. In: Haskins, P.G. and Murphy, B.M. (eds.) People Protecting Their Land, Volume I. Proceedings 7th ISCO Conference, International Soil Conservation Organisation, Sydney, 82-91.

Evans, R. (1993). On assessing accelerated erosion of arable land by water. Soils and Fertilizers 11, 1285-1293.

Quine, T.A. and Walling, D.E. (1993). Use of caesium-137 measurements to investigate relationships between erosion rates and topography. In: Thomas, D.S.G. and Allison, R.J. (eds.) Landscape Sensitivity. Wiley, Chichester, 31-48.

Evans, R. and McLaren, D. (1994). Monitoring water erosion of arable land. Friends of the Earth, London, 13pp.

Evans, R. and Boardman, J. (1994). Assessment of water erosion in farmers' fields in the UK. In: Rickson, R.J. (ed.) Conserving Soil Resources: European Perspectives. CAB International, Wallingford, 13-24.

Evans, R. (1995). Some methods of directly assessing water erosion of cultivated land. Progress in Physical Geography 19, 115-129.

5. Availability
5.1 Erosion/land use data: Pro forma sheets. Disk for 1982-1984 data
5.2 Meterological data: Hard copy (from Met Office)
6. Other Information
6.1 Is the monitoring survey ongoing? No
6.2 Funding agency for the survey: Ministry of Agriculture
6.3 Any other details: Slope, relief, catchment data still to be obtained and analysed for 1985 and 1986. Would like to model data; crop cover and time of erosion are missing variables, but could be estimated.

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