Soil Erosion Network: Monitoring Metadata
Western Lithuania, 1982-2000, Soddy-Podzolic, Arable, Water Erosion

About Focus 3
Focus 3 Structure
What's New
Implementation Plan
Site Map
Conference Reading


1 Contact person
1.1 Name n Hab.dr. B. Jankauskas
1.2 Address Kaltinenai Research Station, LT 5926, Kaltinenai. Distr. Silale, Lithuania
1.3 Tel +370 69 57254
1.4 Fax +370 69 57242
1.5 Email
1.6 Other researchers involved: G Jankauskiene
2 Survey Details
2.1 Dates of erosion monitoring survey: monitoring survey:1982-1988, 1995-2000
2.1 Water/wind erosion? Water
2.3 Area monitored: Western Lithuania, Upland -emai-iai, Distr. Silale, Village Gineikiai.
2.4 Character of area: Downy (hilly-rolling) relief; eroded soddy-podzolic sandy loam soil, arable land. Uniform slopes of: A - 2-5; B - 5-10 and C - 10-14 degrees. Cool - humid temperate oceanic - continental climate.
2.5 Frequency of monitoring: a) soil moved is determined every spring and in summer depending on rainfall (downpour) frequency, b) agrophysical and agrochemical features are determined every six year period.
2.6 What fraction of fields in the monitored area were included in the survey? Only slopes: 2-5, 5-10 and 10-14 degrees.
2.7 How were estimates of erosion made? a) by measurement of volume of rills, b) by analysis of soil samples.
2.8 Were air photographs used? Not available.
2.9 For each erosion site, information recorded: Location: A - West slope (down), B - South slope (down), C - North (24 sites) and South(8 sites) slopes. Contributing area: A - 1.15 ha (32 sites at 0.036 ha each), B - 0.58 ha (32 sites at 0.018 ha each), C - 1.01 ha (24 sites at 0.036 ha each and 8 sites at 0.018 ha each).
Slope length: A - 100 m, B - 50 m, C - 24 sites at 100 m and 8 sites at 50 m.
Gradient: A - 2-5, B - 5-10, C - 10-14 degrees.
Slope shape - convex form at all sites.
Erosion form - water erosion from slopes. Volume - m3
Crop type: 16 sites under field crop rotation*, 24 sites under grain - grass crop rotation*, 24 sites under grass - grain I (with Clover - Timothy - C+T) crop rotation* 24 sites under grass - grain II (with Orchard grass - red fescue grass - O+F) crop rotation*, and 8 sites under long-term grass stand*.
Soil type - soddy podzolic.
Management factor - usual management for each of crops.


2.10 Data obtained from elsewhere: Rainfall and water of snow thawing responsible for erosion. Some soil samples taken and analysed.
2.11 Data calculated from above information: Erosion rate (m3/ha and t/ha according to dry bulk density of soil
2.12 Meterological station density and type: Post of measurement of volume of precipitations (rain gauge) c. 1 km from area and Meteorological station c. 15 km from area.
2.13 Length of record of meterological data: Rain gauge post from 1976. Meteorological station from 1925.
3. Associated Work
3.1 Associated experimental or plot-based work: None
3.2 Associated modelling work: None
4. Documentation
4.1 Published reports of the monitoring survey and/or results:
Jankauskas, B. and Jankauskiene, G. (1990). Erosion - preventative crop rotations on hilly sandy loam soils of -emai-iai upland. The report of research work 1982-1988. Kaltinenai, 1-87. (In Lithuanian).

Jankauskas, B. (1990). Soil protection from erosion. Vilnius. 1-85. (In Lithuanian).

Jankauskas, B., Jankauskiene, G. (1993). The erosion - preventative crop rotations in hilly upland of Western Lithuania. Baltic region: Agriculture in acid soils. Vilnius. 232-235. (In English).

Jankausjas, B., Jankauskiene, G. (1995). Perennial grasses in composition of different erosion - preventative crop rotations. Proceedings of NJF seminar no. 245: "The use of catch or cover crops to reduce leaching and erosion". Knivsta, Sweden. 219-224. (In English).

Jankauskas, B. (1994). Soil erosion and agrarian erosion control measures. The work of doctor habilitatis. Dotnuva. 1-116. (In Lithuanian). Summary in English (80-102) and in Russian (102-106).

4.2 Other relevant publications:
Jankauskas, B. and Jankauskiene, G. (1988). To make more exact the projects of crop rotations. Journal "Agriculture" no. 9. 11-12 (In Lithuanian).

Jankauskas, B. and Jankauskiene, G. (1990). The erosion - preventative crop rotations for hilly fields of -emai-iai upland. Proceedings of scientific works conference of Agriculture Institute,. Vilnius. 11-13. (In Lithuanian).

Jankauskas, B. and Jankauskiene, G. (1992). Farming mode and soil erosion. Scientific - technical information. April-June, 3-4. (In Lithuanian).

Jankauskas, B. and Jankauskiene, G. (1989). Influence on degree of erosion of soil to fertilizing of crops. Intensification of agriculture and her influence to ecology. Minsk. 30-32. (In Russian).

Jankauskas, B. (1990). Steepness of slopes - degree of erosion - fertilizing of crops. Dissection of relief and problems of crops fertility. Vilnius. 68-70. (In Russian).

5. Availability
5.1 Erosion/land use data: On request subject to GCTE policy.
5.2 Meterological data: On request.
6. Other Information
6.1 Is the monitoring survey ongoing? No
6.2 Funding agency for the survey: Lithuanian Agricultural Institute.
6.3 Any other details: * Crop rotations
Field: Grain-grass: Grass-grin I: Grass-grain II:
1. Rye 1. Rye 1. Rye 1. Rye
2. Potatoes 2. Barley 2. Barley 2. Barley
3. Barley 3. Barley 3. C+T, I y.u.** 3. O+F, I y.u.**
4. Barley 4. Barley 4. C+T, II y.u. 4. O+F, II y.u.
5. C+T, Iy.u.** 5. C+T, I y.u.** 5. C+T, III y.u. . 5. O+F, III y.u
6. C+T, II y.u. 6. C+T, II y.u. 6. C+T, IV y.u. 6. O+F, IV y.u.

Instead of field crop rotation long-term grass stand was grown on slope of 10-14 degrees (8 sites). ** year's use.

Back to Top

Please send mail to the SEN webteam with questions or comments about this web site.