Soil Erosion Network: Monitoring Metadata
Fortuna Basin, Se Spain, 1988 -, Torriorthent and Xerorthent, Water Erosion

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1 Contact person
1.1 Name Dr J Albaladejo
1.2 Address CEBAS-CSIC, P O Box 4195, 30080 Murcia, Spain
1.3 Tel +34 68 215717
1.4 Fax +34 68 266613
1.5 Email
1.6 Other researchers involved: Dr V Castillo, Dr E Diaz, Dr Martinez-Mena.
2 Survey Details
2.1 Dates of erosion monitoring survey: From 1988
2.1 Water/wind erosion? Water
2.3 Area monitored: Fortuna Basin, S.E. Spain. 200 Km2.
2.4 Character of area: Catchment of marks with "bad-lands". Torriorthent and xerorthent soils. 40% agricultural land; 30% marginal land and 30% open matorral.
2.5 Frequency of monitoring: Erosion parameters every event. Soil and site parameters every 6 months or yearly.
2.6 What fraction of fields in the monitored area were included in the survey? The area with open matorral.
2.7 How were estimates of erosion made? Total soil loss, hydrograph and pluviograph.
2.8 Were air photographs used? Available
For each erosion site, information recorded:
a) Soil Data Soil type; roughness; bulk density; moisture content; percentage stone cover; textural analysis; soil moisture characteristics; percentage of stable aggregates; saturated hydraulic conductivity; organic matter; total nitrogen; nutrients; soil temperature.
b) Site data. Soil use and management; vegetation proportions; slope profile; number and size of rills and gullies; percentage stoniness; air temperature.
c) Vegetation. Percentage cover; percentage basal cover; type of vegetation.
d) Event data. Storm duration; rain-gauge chart; total runoff; hydrograph; sediment weight.


2.10 Data obtained from elsewhere: None
2.11 Data calculated from above information: Erosion rate, runoff coefficient hydrographs.
2.12 Meterological station density and type: 4 pluviographs connected to datalogger, 2 sensors of soil temperature.
2.13 Length of record of meterological data: Automatic gauge from 1989.
3. Associated Work
3.1 Associated experimental or plot-based work: Effect of urban refuse amendment. Changes in soil quality and degradation processes with vegetation removal.
3.2 Associated modelling work: The data are being used for validation of EUROSEM (Albaladejo et al., 1994).
4. Documentation
4.1 Published reports of the monitoring survey and/or results:
Albaladejo, J.; Ortiz, R. and Martinez, M. (1988). Evaluation and mapping of erosion risks: An example from S.E. Spain. Soil Technology, 1:77-87.

Albaladejo, J. and Stocking, M. (1989). Comparative evaluation of two models in predicting storm soil loss from erosion plots in semiarid Spain. Catena, 16:227-236.

Stocking, M. and Albaladejo, J. (1994). Refuse isn't Rubbish. Ambio, 23:229-232.

Albaladejo, J.; Stocking, M.; Diaz, E. and Castillo, V. (1994). Land rehabilitation by urban refuse amendments in semiarid environment: effect on soil chemical properties. Soil Technology, 7:249-260.

Diaz, E.; Roldan, A.; Lax, A. and Albaladejo, J. (1994). Formation of stable aggregates in degraded soil by amendment with urban refuse and peat. Geoderma, 63:277-288.

Albaladejo, J.; Ortiz, R.; Guillen, F.; Martinez, M. and Castillo, V. (1995). Erodibility of agricultural soils in the semiarid Mediterranean area of Spain. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation, 9:219-216.

Albaladejo, J. (1990). Impact of the degradation processes on soil quality in arid Mediterranean environments. In: Rubio and Rickson (Eds): Strategies to combat desertification in Mediterranean Europe. EUR 11175:193-215;. Editorial: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Albaladejo, J.; Diaz, E. (1990). Degradacion y regeneracion del Suelo en el litoral Mediterraeno Espanol: Experiencias en el Proyecto LUCDEME. En: Albaladejo, Stocking y Diaz (Eds): Soil Degradation and Rehabilitation in Mediterranean Environmental Conditions. 191.214; Editorial CSIC. Murcia.

Albaladejo, J.; Stocking, M. and Diaz, E. (1990) Soil Degradation and Rehabilitation in Mediterranean Environmental Conditions. Editorial CSIC. Murcia. 235pp.

Albaladejo, J.; Castillo, V. and Roldan, A. (1991). Analysis evaluation and control of soil erosion processes in semiarid environment: S.E. Spain. En: Sala, Rubio y Garcia Ruiz (Eds): Soil Erosion Studies in Spain. 9-26; Editorial Geoforma. Logrono.

Albaladejo, J; Castillo, V. and Martinez-Mena, M. (1994). EUROSEM: Preliminary validation in non-agricultural soil of semiarid Mediterranean area. In: R.J. Rickson (Ed): Conserving Soil Resources: European Perspectives. CAB International Wallingford, UK.

Albaladejo, J. (1995). Estimating erosion rates: Field experiments. In: D. Peter, J.L. Rubio and R. Fantechi (Eds): Desertification in a European context: Physical and socioeconomic aspects. Commission of the European Communities. Luxembourg. (En prensa).

Albaladejo, J.; Castillo, V. and Diaz, E. (1993). Runoff generation and soil loss in semiarid areas: effects of soil physical parameters. Memorial Symposium to Jan De Ploey. Experimental Geomorphology and landscape ecosystem changes. Leuven. Belgium.

Albaladejo, J.; Castillo, V. and Martinez, M. (1994). Effect of vegetal cover on runoff and soil loss. Annales Gephysicae Part II. Supplement to Volume 12, p-142.

4.2 Other relevant publications:
Roldan, A.; Diaz, G. and Albaladejo, J. (1992). Effect of VAM fungi on growth and phosphorus uptake of two Hedysarum species in a xeric terriorthent soil from S.E. Spain. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation. Vol. 6: 33-49.

Diaz, G.; Roldan, A. and Albaladejo, J. (1992). Influencia del tipo de suelo sobre las pautas de colonizacion y eficiencia en la simbiosis micorricia de seis especies de Glomus. Cryptogamie-Mycologie, 13(1): 47-56.

Roldan, A. and Albaladejo, J. (1993). Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (VAM) fungal population in a xeric Torriorthent receiving urban refuse. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 25: 451-456. 1993.

Lax, A.; Diaz, E.; Castillo, V. and Albaladejo, J. (1994). Reclamation of physical and chemical properties of a salinized soil by organic amendment. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation. Vol. 8, pp 9-17.

Roldan, A.; Garcia-Orenes, F. and Albaladejo, J. (1994). Mycrobial Populations in the Rhizosphere of Brachypodium retusum and their relationship with stable aggregates in a semiarid soil of South Eastern Spain. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation. Vol. 8, pp 105-114.

Roldan, A. and Albaladejo, J. (1994). Effect of mycorrhizal inoculation and soil restoration on the growth of Pinus halepensis seedlings in a semiarid soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 18: 143-149.

Castillo, V. and Albaladejo, J. (1992). Modelos para la prediccion de la erosion hidrica: Estado actual y nuevas lineas de investigacion. Ecosistemas, 3: 28-30.

Roldan, A.; Thornes, J.B. and Albaladejo, J. Aggregate formation in a semiarid soil after treatment with different organic inputs. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation (In Press).

Lopez Bermudez, F. and Albaladejo, J. (1990). Factores ambientales de la degradacion de suelo en condiciones ambientales mediterraneas. En: J. Albaladejo, M. Stocking and E. Diaz (Eds): Soil degradation and rehabilitation in Mediterranean Environmental Conditions: 15-45; Editorial: CSIC. Murcia.

Albaladejo, J. (1995). Soil rehabilitation. Case study in Murcia. In: D. Peter; J.L. Rubio and R. Fantechi (Eds): Desertification in a European Context: Physical and socio-economic aspects. Commission of the European Communities. Luxembourg. (In Press).

5. Availability
5.1 Erosion/land use data: On request subject to GCTE policy
5.2 Meterological data: On request
6. Other Information
6.1 Is the monitoring survey ongoing? Yes
6.2 Funding agency for the survey: CSIC (research salary); EC for plot studies
6.3 Any other details:

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