Technical Annex Part II: Additional Information

A. History of the proposal

The proposed Action is building on the success and accumulated expertise of COST 623 "Soil Erosion and Global Change". The focus of COST 623 has been on three aspects of soil erosion addressed in three WGs: scale issues, thresholds and datasets. The Action has coordinated research in 19 signatory countries through a series of 14 workshops/conferences, established an active website (, disseminated information in refereed journal and is planning a volume "Soil Erosion in Europe' to accompany the final Conference in Budapest in 2003.

As Off-site impacts of erosion include eutrophication of watercourses and lakes, the proposed Action will also relate to COST Action 832 "Quantifying the Agricultural Contribution to Eutrophication" with emphasis on phosphorous which is ending also in 2003. This COST Action has co-ordinated research into the sources, mobilization, delivery and impacts of phosphorus on different water bodies at the field and catchment scale, focusing on developing common conceptual thinking and methodologies for identifying the agriculture's role in eutrophication problems across 18 countries over the last 5 years.

The proposal is based on the expertise of the two groups. Despite the increasing number of concerned people, it is relevant for the environmental issue, as it was suggested by the TCE after the submission of the 1 page summary of the proposed Action in 2002.

B. List of potential participants

Experts who have been consulted during the drafting of the proposal and have already expressed interest in the Action


List of recent publications relating to the topic of the Action

Auzet A.V., Poesen J., Valentin C. (Eds), 2002. Soil patterns as a key controlling factor of water erosion. Catena 46 (2-3).

Banasik K. (Ed), 2002. Soil Erosion and Sediment Transport, Proc. of National Symposium (published in Polish, with English summary), 196 p. Zakopane, Oct.10-12, 2002. Warsaw Agricultural University Press.

Bennett, S. J. and  J. Casalí, 2001. Effect of initial step height on headcut development in upland concentrated flows. Water Resources Research, 37(5):1475-1484.

Bielders, C.L., C. Ramelot and E. Persoons, 2003.  Farmer perception of runoff and erosion and extent of flooding in the silt-loam belt of the Belgian Walloon region.  Environmental Science and Policy 6: 85-93.

Boardman and D. Favis-Mortlock (Eds), 1998. Modelling Soil Erosion by Water. NATO ASI Series. Springer-Verlag, Berlin

Boardman, J., Ligneau, L., de Roo, A. and Vandaele, K., 1994. Flooding of property by runoff from agricultural land in northwestern Europe. Geomorphology, 10: 183-196

Boardman, J., Poesen, J. & Evans, R. 2003. Socio-economic factors in soil erosion and conservation.  Environmental Science and Policy 6:1-6.

Bull L.J., and M.J. Kirkby (Ed). 2002. Dryland Rivers. John Wiley

Calvo-Cases A., C. Boix-Fayos and A. C. Imeson, 2003. Runoff generation, sediment movement and soil water behaviour on calcareous (limestone) slopes of some Mediterranean environments in southeast Spain. Geomorphology, 50(1-3): 269-291.

Carvalho,T.M.M., Coelho ,C. O.A, Ferreira A. J.D  and Charlton,C. A., 2002. Land degradation processes in central Portugal: farmers’s perceptions towards the application of european agri-forestry programmes. Land Degradation and Development 13: 177-188.

Casalí, J., J. J. López and J. V. Giráldez, 2003.  A process-based model for channel degradation: application to ephemeral gully erosion. Catena 50(2): 435-447.

Castro Dos Reis N.M., Auzet A.V., Chevallier P., Leprun J.C., 1999. Land use change effects on runoff, erosion from plot to catchment scale on the basaltic plateau of Southern Brazil. Hydrological Processes 13, 1621-1628

Cerdan, O., Le Bissonnais, Y., Souchère, V., Martin, P. and Lecomte, V. 2002. Concentration of suspended particles in interrill flow. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 27 (2), 193-205.

Cerdan, O., Souchère, V., Lecomte, V., Couturier, A., Le Bissonnais, Y., 2000. Incorporating soil surface crusting processes in an expert-based runoff and erosion model: STREAM (Sealing and Transfer by Runoff and Erosion related to Agricultural Managment), Catena 43(1) : 1-14.

Coelho, C.O.A., Ferreira, A.J.D., Baake, M. & Keizer, J.J. , 2002 .Impacts of prescribed shrubland fire and forest wildfire on overland flow and soil erosion generating processes. Proceedings of the third International Congress of the European Society for Soil Conservation (ESSC), Valencia, Spain, 28 March – 1 April, 2000, Man and Soil at the Third Millennium (J. L. Rubio, R. P. C. Morgan, V. Andreu and S. Asins, Eds.), Geoforma Ediciones, Logroño,1485-1496.

Coelho, C.O.A., Laouina, A., Ferreira, A.J.D., Naciri, R., Chaker, M., Naafa, R., Carvalho, T.M.M., Boulet, A.K. and Pereira, J.B.P., 2002. Forest and grazing impacts on hydrological and erosional processes in Southern Portugal and Northern and Central Morocco, Proceedings of the third International Congress of the European Society for Soil Conservation (ESSC), Valencia, Spain, 28 March – 1 April, 2000, Man and Soil at the Third Millennium (J. L. Rubio, R. P. C. Morgan, V. Andreu and S. Asins, Eds.), Geoforma Ediciones, Logroño, 1255-1264

Darboux F, Davy P, Gascuel-Odoux C,  2002. Effect of depression storage capacity on overland-flow generation for rough horizontal surfaces: Water transfer distance and scaling. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27 (2): 177-191

Darboux F, Gascuel-Odoux C, Davy P., 2002. Effects of surface water storage by soil roughness on overland-flow generation. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27 (3): 223-233

De Graaff J, Eppink L A A J. 1999. Olive oil production and soil conservation in southern Spain in relation to EU subsidy policies. Land Use Policy 16: 259-267.

Deumlich, D., W. Mioduszewski & A. Kocmit ,2002. Analysis of sediment and nutrient loads due to soil erosion in rivers in the Odra catchment. - In: Steenvoorden, J., F. Claessen & J. Willems [Hrsg.]: Agricultural Effects on Ground and Surface Waters: Research at the Edge of Science and Society; Proceedings of an international conference held at Wageningen, The Netherlands, in October 2000: 279-286; Wallingford (IAHS Press, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology) (IAHS Publication; 273).

Ferreira,  A . J.D., Coelho,C. O . A,Walsh, R.P:D. ,Shakesby,R.,  Ceballos, A , Doerr,S.H., 2000. Hydrological implications of soil water-repellency in Eucalyptus globulus forests, north-central Portugal. Journal of Hydrology 231-232: 165-177

Fleskens L, De Graaff J. 2001. Soil conservation options for olive orchards on sloping land. In Conservation Agriculture, a worldwide challenge; I World Congress on Conservation Agriculture. Eds L Garcia-Torres L, J Benites, A Martinez-Vilela. Cordoba: XUL. Vol.II pp 231-235.

Fykse H., Lundekvam, H., Romstad E., 2002. Environment and agriculture: the dichotomy of erosion and weed control. In IAHS publication no 273 on "Agricultural effects on ground and surface water. Editors: Steenwoorden, J., Claessen, F., Willems, J.

Gyssels, G. & Poesen, J. 2003.  The importance of plant root characteristics in controlling concentrated flow erosion rates.  Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 28:371-384.

Helming, K. (Ed), 2001. Multidisciplinary approaches to soil conservation strategies. ZALF - Bericht. 191 pp.

Kirkby, M.J. , 2001.Modelling the interactions between soil surface properties and water erosion. (Modelisation des interactions entre caracteristiques superficielles des sols et erosion hydrique). Catena 46, 89-102.

Kirkby, M.J, 2003.. A consistent framework for modelling geomorphic processes and landform evolution. In ‘Prediction in Geomorphology’, edited by P.R. Wilcock and R.M. Iverson. Geophysical Monograph Series Vol. 135. American Goephysocal Union, Washington DC, 256 pp.

Kirkby, M.J., L.J. Bracken (née Bull) and S.J. Reaney, 2002.. The influence of Landuse, Soils and Topography on the delivery of hillslope runoff to channels in SE Spain. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27(13), 1459-73.

Kirkby, M.J., Bracken, L.J., Poesen, J., Nachtergaele, J. and Vandekerckhove, L., 2003. Observed and modelled distributions of channel and gully heads - with examples from S.E. Spain and Belgium. Catena 50, 415-434.

Kirkby, M.J., Le Bissonais, Y., Coulthard, T.J., Daroussin, J. and McMahon, M.D., 2000.  The development of Land Quality Indicators  for Soil Degradation by Water Erosion. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 81, 125-36

Lima, J. L. M. P. de and M. I. P. Lima, 2002. Effect of clay dispersion on infiltration into bare soils: multi-stage infiltration equations. In: V. P. Singh, M. Al-Rashid and M. M. Sherif (Eds.), Surface Water Hydrology, A. A. Balkema Publishers, Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, The Netherlands, 297-311.

Lima, J. L. M. P. de, V. P. Singh, I. M. Barreira and M. I. P. de Lima, 2002. Laboratory Experiments on the Influence of Storm Direction on Soil Loss from Sloping Areas. In: V. P. Singh, M. Al-Rashid and M. M. Sherif (Eds.), Surface Water Hydrology, A. A. Balkema Publishers, Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, The Netherlands, 405-416.

Lima, M. I. P. de, D. Schertzer, S. Lovejoy and J. L. M. P. de Lima, 2002. Multifractals and the study of extreme precipitation events: a case study from semi-arid and humid regions in Portugal In: V. P. Singh, M. Al-Rashid and M. M. Sherif (Eds.), Surface Water Hydrology, A. A. Balkema Publishers, Swets & Zeitlinger B.V., Lisse, The Netherlands, 195-211.

Lundekvam, H., Romstad E., Øygarden, L., 2003. Agricultural policies in Norway and effects on soil erosion. Environmental Science and Policy 6: 55-67.

Malet J.P., Auzet A.-V., Maquaire O., Ambroise B., Descroix L., Esteves M., Vandervaere J.-P., Truchet E., 2003. Soil surface characteristics influence on infiltration in black marls. (Application to the Super Sauze landslide, Barcelonnette, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 28: 547-564.

Martinez Mena, M., Castillo, V. and Albaladejo., 2002. Interrill erosion processes and sediment particle size distribution in a semiarid Mediterranean area. Geomorphology, 45:261-275.

Martinez-Mena,M., Alvarez Rogel, J., Castillo, V. and Albaladejo, J., 2002. Organic carbon and nitrogen losses influenced by vegetation removal in a semiarid Mediterranean soil. Biogeochemistry, 61: 309-321.

Mathieu A., Joannon A., 2003. How farmers view their job in Pays de Caux, France: Consequences for grassland in water erosion. Environmental Science and Policy 6: 29-36.

Meyer-Aurich, A., J. Schuler, H. Auerswald, P. Zander & H. Kächele ,2001. Trade off of soil protection - assessing economic consequences of erosion control. - In: Helming, K. [Hrsg.]: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Soil Conservation Strategies: Proceedings; International Symposium ESSC, DBG, ZALF, May 11-13, 2001, Müncheberg, Germany: 161-166; Müncheberg (ZALF) (ZALF-Bericht; 47).

Moussa R., Voltz M., Andrieux P., 2002. Effects of the spatial organization of agricultural management on the hydrological behaviour of a farmed catchment during flood events. Hydrological Processes 16, 393-412.

Poesen, J., Nachtergaele, J., Verstraeten, G. & Valentin, C. 2003. Gully erosion and environmental change: importance and research needs. Catena 50 (2-4):91-133.

Ragab R, Moidinis D, Albergel J, Khouri J, Drubi A, Nasri S., 2001. The Hydromed model and its application to semi-arid Mediterranean catchments with hill reservoirs 2 : Rainfall-runoff model applications to three Mediterranean hill reservoirs. Hydrol Earth Syst Sc 5 (4): 554-562

Roulier S., Angulo-Jaramillo R., Bresson L.-M., Auzet A.-V., Gaudet J.-P., Bariac T., 2002. Water transfer and mobile water content measurement in a cultivated crusted soil. Soil Science 167(3): 201-210.

Shakesby, R.A., Coelho, C.O.A Ferreira,  A . J.D., and Walsh, R.P.D., 2002. Ground-level changes after wildfire and ploughing in eucalyptus  and pine forests, Portugal: implications for soil  microtopographical development and soil longevity. Land Degradation and Development 13: 111-127.

Doerr, S.H., 2002. A ranking methodology for assessing relative erosion risk and its application to dehesas and montados in Spain and Portugal. Land Degradation & Development 13: 129-140.

Shakesby, R.A., Coelho, C.O.A., Schnabel, S., Keizer, J.J., Clarke, M.A., Lavado, J:F., Walsh, R.P.D., Ferreira, A.J.D. & Doerr, S.H., 2001. Are the dehesa/montado agro-forestry practices of Spain and Portugal low erosion-risk land-use options? In: K. Helming (Ed) Multidisciplinary Approaches to Soil Conservation Strategies; ZALF – Berichte 47 Müncheberg, Germany, 127-132.

Souchère, V., King, D., Daroussin, J., Papy, F. and Capillon, A., 1998. Effects of tillage on runoff direction: consequences on runoff contributing area within agricultural catchments, Journal of hydrology 206, 256-267.

Stankoviansky, M., 2002. Bahenne povodne – hrozba uvalin a suchych dolin (Muddy floods – a hazard from dells and dry valleys). Geomorphologia Slovaca, 2, 2, 4-15 (in Slovak, with English summary).

Szewrański Sz. 2002. The influence of the small reservoirs on the amount of suspended sediment in a stream and the sediment yield value. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, Environmental Development, Volume 5, Issue 2.

Takken I, Govers G, Jetten V, Nachtergaele L, Steegen A, Poesen J. 2001. Effects of tillage on runoff and erosion patterns. Soil and tillage Research 61: (1-2) 55-60

Vatn, A., Bakken, L.R., Bleken, M. A., Baadshaug, O. H., Fykse, H., Haugen, L. E., Lundekvam, H., Morken, J., Romstad, E., Rørstad, P. K., Skjelvåg, A. O.,  Sogn, T. A., Vagstad, N., Ystad, E., 2002. ECECMod 2.0: An Interdisciplinary Research Tool for Analysing Policies to Reduce Emissions from Agriculture, Report no. 3/2002, Agricultural University of Norway, Ås, Norway.

Verstraeten, G., Poesen, J., Govers, G., Gillijns, K., Van Rompaey, A. and Van Oost, K. 2003. Integrating science, policy and farmers to reduce soil loss and sediment delivery in Flanders, Belgium. Environmental
Science and Policy
6: 95-103.

Withers, P.J.A. and Lord, E.I. (2002). Agricultural nutrient inputs to rivers and groundwaters in the UK: policy, environmental management and research needs. Science of the Total Environment 282-283, 9-24

Zander, P. (2001): Interdisciplinary modelling of agricultural land use: MODAM - multi objective decision support tool for agroecosystem management. - In: Helming, K. [Hrsg.]: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Soil Conservation Strategies: Proceedings; International Symposium ESSC, DBG, ZALF, May 11-13, 2001,Müncheberg, Germany: 155-160; Müncheberg (ZALF) (ZALF-Bericht; 47).


Special issues of COST 623 and COST 832

From COST 623 meetings

Parsons A.J., Lascelles B. (Eds), 2000. Rainfall Simulation in Geomorphology. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms  25 (7).

Beven K., Feyen J. (Eds), 2002. The Future of Distributed Hydrological Modelling. Hydrological Processes 16 (2).

Wainwright J., Calvo Cases A., Puigdefábregas J., Michaelides K. (Eds), 2002. Linking Sediment Delivery from Hillslope to Catchment Scales. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms  27 (13).

Poesen J., Valentin C. (Eds). 2003. Gully Erosion and Global Change. Catena, 50 (2-4).

Kirkby M.J. and D. Poulson (Ed) in press: Papers on Soil organic Matter and Soil Biology, from GCTE/COST 623 session, Reading Sep 1998. Special Issue in Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.

Boardman, J., Poesen, J. & Evans, R. 2003. Socio-economic factors in soil erosion and conservation.  Environmental Science and Policy, 6.

Planned in 2003:

Boardman J. (Ed). Socio-economic factors and soil erosion. Wiley.

Boardman J., Poesen J. (Eds). Soil erosion in Europe. Wiley.

Auzet A.V., Kikby M.J.M., van Dijk P. (Eds). Surface Characterisation for soil erosion forecasting. Catena.

Auzet A.V., Poesen J., Valentin C. (Eds). Soil surface characteristics: dynamics and impact on soil erosion. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.

Helming K. et al. (Eds). Soil Erosion Patterns: Evolution, Spatio-Temporal Dynamics and Connectivity Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.


From COST 832 meetings

Chardon, W.J. and Schoumans, O.F. (Eds) 2002. Phosphorus losses from agricultural soils: processes at the field scale. Selected papers from COST 832 meetings of Working Group 2 in Spain (1999) and Austria (2000). Published by Alterra, Wageningen.

Kronvang, B. (Ed). 2002. Phosphorus Losses at the Catchment Scale. Selected papers from a COST 832 meeting of Working Group 3 in Denmark (2000). Published by Alterra, Wageningen.

Leinweber, P., Stamm, C., Chardon, W.J. and Withers, P.J.A., 2003. The Development of a Risk Asessment Methodology for Predicting Phosphorus Losses at the Field Scale. Summaries of a joint meeting between Working Groups 1 and 2 in Zurich 2002.  Special Issue of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition in 2003.

Chardon, W.J., and Withers, P.J.A., 2003. Introduction to papers from the EU COST Action 832 "Quantifying the agricultural contribution to eutrophication". Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:401.

Schoumans, O.F., and Chardon, W.J., 2003. Risk assessment methodologies for predicting phosphorus losses. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:403-408.

Ehlert, P.A.I., Morel, C., Fotyma, M., and Destain, J.P., 2003. Potential role of phosphate buffering capacity of soils in fertilizer management strategies fitted to environmental goals. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:409-415.

Celardin, F., 2003. Evaluation of soil P-test values of canton Geneva/Switzerland in relation to P loss risks. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:416-421.

Neyroud, J.A., and Lischer, P., 2003. Do different methods used to estimate soil phosphorus availability across Europe give comparable results? Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:422-431.

Quinton, J.N., Strauss, P., Miller, N., Azazoglu, E., Yli-Halla, M., and Uusitalo, R., 2003. The potential for soil phosphorus tests to predict phosphorus losses in overland flow. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:432-437.

Tunney, H., Csatho, P., and Ehlert, P.A.I., 2003. Approaches to calculating P balance at the field-scale in Europe. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:438-446.

Heathwaite, A.L., Sharpley, A.N., and Bechmann, M., 2003. The conceptual basis for a decision support framework to assess the risk of phosphorus loss at the field scale across Europe. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:447-458.

Withers, P.J.A., Ulen, B., Stamm, C., and Bechmann, M., 2003. Incidental phosphorus losses - are they significant and can they be predicted? Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:459-468.

Kronvang, B., Bechmann, M., Pedersen, M.L., and Flynn, N., 2003. Phosphorus dynamics and export in streams draining micro-catchments: Development of empirical models. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 166:469-474.

Withers, P.J.A., Chardon, W.J., Csatho, P., Gil-Sotres, F., McGarrigle, M., and Ulen, B. 2003. Quantifying the Agricultural Contribution to Eutrophication. A book for policy makers to be published in 2003.